Blog entry by Jimmy Dayle

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by Jimmy Dayle - Utorok, 19 máj 2020, 11:08
Anyone in the world

HIV is a pernicious disease that carries a bewildering array of adverse health effects and complications. HIV is resistant to most existing treatment methods. Hence, the best way to treat this disease is to prevent it. The incidence of HIV is the highest in less developed parts of the world, but it is present in every region. Unsurprisingly, organizations dealing with HIV focus their efforts on the prevention of HIV in developing countries. This short paper will discuss the disease itself, factors causing it, and the measures taken to prevent and fight HIV as mentioned in medicine essays

HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus that attacks the organism, making the person HIV-positive. Scientists believe that HIV was transmitted from chimpanzees hunted by humans for meat. There are different types of viruses, most of which are temporary. HIV, by contrast, is a virus that the human body cannot overcome completely after the person becomes infected. The virus destroys the immune system and kills white blood cells, which are called lymphocytes. HIV also makes the organism unable to fight off infections, bacteria, cancers, and to heal injuries. HIV-provoked infections use a weakened immune system as a springboard. HIV can be found in blood, semen, breast milk, anal and vaginal fluids. Sexual contact is the most common way to become infected with HIV. However, there is always a chance of contamination through unsterile needles or through contacts between an infected mother and her newly-born children. The terms HIV and AIDS are commonly confused by laypersons and even considered to be interchangeable. In fact, HIV causes AIDS. However, it can take from 10 to 15 years for AIDS to develop, if not treated properly.

The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency often shortened to SIDA, is one of the few organizations that have extensively investigated the connection between the environment and HIV/AIDS to prove that these phenomena are closely linked. Thus, SIDA researchers explain that environmental degradation influences human health, making it more vulnerable to different infections. Air and water pollution slowly destroy the immune system and make it unable to prevent the development of infections, including HIV. The relations between HVI and the environment are more complex than that, causing many serious problems on different levels. The most important connections are related to natural resources use and climate change.

Unhealthy lifestyles, too, can have a huge impact on human health and often lead to the development of HIV. Smoking, alcohol abuse, unbalanced exercises or lack of physical activity make the organism weak and susceptible to infection. While these unhealthy habits are not necessarily associated with HIV, they make humans less resistant to the development of this infection. Such factors as poverty, low educational level, religion, and tradition also play an essential role in the proliferation of HIV. Poverty is one of the most prominent problems, as it means that fewer people can afford condoms or have a possibility to otherwise protect themselves. For example, many infected women from poor countries are forced to offer sexual services in exchange for food or money, thereby contributing to the spread of the disease.

Some of the basic steps to curb the development of HIV include, but are not limited to harm reduction programs, condoms, HIV/AIDS education, voluntary testing, etc. There are many organizations around the world that employ these and other measures to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. None of these strategies can be regarded as a panacea for HIV, however, each one has its proven strengths. Using antiretroviral therapy, for example, can make it easier to control the virus. Distributing condoms can potentially reduce the incidence of the infection etc.

In addition to the measures outlined above, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is trying to prevent the spread of HIV by implementing different educational programs. The agency has initiated a series of campaigns aimed at raising public awareness of HIV. Within these campaigns, it distributes informational brochures to the U.S. households and maintains a national HIV/AIDS information toll-free hotline.

Notwithstanding the measures taken, HIV prevalence rates remain persistently high in some countries. Different states are currently facing different gaps in preventing the disease. The most common are poverty and ignorance of basic knowledge about HIV. Inadequate promotion of contraception is yet another gap. Even though international organizations try to fill these gaps, the efforts do not always reach fruition. Hence, some recommendations should be made as to how to bridge them. To prevent HIV, greater attention should be paid to public awareness campaigns through social networks and advertisements in other mass media. The support of the government is important to fulfill this recommendation. People starting from elementary school should be well-informed about the consequences of HIV. Likewise, awareness campaigns should motivate people to talk freely about the illness and not to be ashamed of asking for help. It is also important to implement comprehensive prevention programs, which include biomedical, behavioral and structural interventions. Below is a simple plan that should be put into effect to ensure the quality health care, as it pertains to HIV:

· Making health care more reliable, patient-centered and safe;

· Reducing the cost of health care and making it affordable for every individual;

· Promoting a high level of education in medicine for future specialists.

Overall, this paper serves to show that HIV is an incurable virus that can eventually transform into AIDS. The main reasons behind HIV expansion are poverty, irresponsibility, and an unhealthy lifestyle. Indeed, harmful habits and a frivolous attitude to the organism make it weak and vulnerable to infections. Antiretroviral therapy is considered to be the most effective treatment nowadays. Nevertheless, this therapy is only able to suspend the disease for a certain period of time. Apparently, the best way to confront HIV is to prevent it. There are many organizations trying to prevent the disease by implementing different social and educational programs, such as voluntary testing, promotion of contraception, and HIV/AIDS education.